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China 59, United States 38, Shanghai 16, America 15, Us 13, U.s. 8, Hu 5, Taiwan 5, Chicago 4, John Huntsman 3, Asia 3, Expos 2, United Nations 2, The United States 2, Tibet 2, Kenya 2, Europe 2, Confucius 2, Local University Official 1, Whenys Iuste 1,
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  FOX News    Red Eye    News/Business. Discussing  
   the day's hottest topics.  

    November 16, 2009
    12:00 - 1:00am EST  

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savvy in china and there are hundreds of millions who are. there are more folks attached to the internet in china than any other country on the earth. they can watch on white house.gov or the website here streaming live. in america, we understand that town hall events folks come from all over and have a free flowing exchange of ideas and questions with whomever is on stage. this is probably better to be called political theater in the round. a bit of she a she at theatric. the white house has a bit of politte theater on its own and tried to side step rigid chinese control of the questions and put out subtly that questions could be submitted to the u.s. embassy
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website and a good number of questions have been collected there and will be given to the president in addition to those he will get from the audience. they hope those questions have a bit mor spontaneity. this will all be conducted in one of the various chinese diia electric. we ex--- dialect. we expect most to be conducted in edge. there was quite a bit of drama leading up to the event. major negotiating between the white house and it the chinese government over pretty much every detail of what is about to unfold, right? >> that's right. i mean let's go back to the original chinese invitation to president obama to come to china. this is by the way his first visit to china either as president of the united states or as a private citizen. what the white house said is look if we are going to come to china, of course, we will come to beijing and have high level
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meetings there but we would also like to do an event in shanghai. it is undoubtedly the most western leaning of the cities in china. a go-go modern city. the commercial center of gravity throughout all of asia and the white house said we want to have something there a little less controlled and has a little less protocol and formality and have an event with some of the students in the overall shanghai region. the white house describes the students as the future leaders of china. the president wants to show them and the larger chinese community is that there can be give and take between the united states and china that is not so controlled. whether it is over human rights, economics, military strategy or a wide range of issues, global climate change would be another and that is one of the underlying motives for the white house in putting together the event, town hall, political theater, whatever we going to call it. >> we are watching as some members of the u.s. delegation
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make their way into the room. we saw valerie jarrett enter the room, larry somers entered a few minutes ago. we are close to the beginning of the event and as we get set to list tonight questions, major, we understand the president will have an opening statement of no more than 10 to 15 minutes and then the question and answer will begin. do we have any idea about sort of the content of the questions? what the students going to be asking the president, whether the issue of human rights is going be raised and how hard the president is expected to press the chinese on that very important topic? >> human rights will come up generally speaking in the president's remashes. the chinese foreign ministry described what they expected of president obama which is to say they expect him to be very
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sympathetic to the chinese view on tibet. the chinese believe that tibetans are trying to split themselves from china. tibetans say they just want to have aah tonmy. he did not meet with his -- [ applause ] distinguished guests, friends, ladies and gentlemen. maybe please allow me to introduce myself first. >> the president getting a nice warm welcome in the students there in the hall as we listen to a local university official
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with some opening remarks and then we are told that the president will be introduced by the u.s. ambassador to japan, john huntsman. and so as we get closer and closer to the president's introduction we will again take the audio forum and listen to the event. major garrett our white house correspondent who is traveling with the president is standing by. and major, i wanted to ask you, does the president know the content of these questions he is about to be asked? >> from the white house we have been told he does not and that is especially true of the ones gathered by the u.s. embassy. those have been in the possession of the u.s. government for some time but because they were collected in what they hoped would be a little more of a spontaneous manner they want to present them to the president in the most spontaneous manner possible so the white house advised the president is unaware of the content of the
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questions. when the president will not meet with the dalai lama in october, that was considered by some human rights groups to be a setback for tibet's pursuit of autonomy. human rights groups believe that was a concession not necessarily welcomed from the tibetan point of view. >> when the president traveled to europe as you well know, major, he was treated like a rock star. i'm wondering if you have been able to get a sense of how the chinese and not just the students who are in the hall but the chinese in general, how they feel about our president? >> well, obviously the applause you just heard are a sign of respect. that is an enormously important cultural dynamic in all of asia, respect, deferens to figures of authority. the concept of a political rock star is alien in the chinese culture. they are first getting used to the idea of what a generic rock
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star is and western music and as china becomes a more economic entity those kinds of things from the west are becoming a part more of the cultural scene. in politics the authoritarian way of government still keeps down the idea of any sort of political rock star. ideology is still an important cincinnaticy of the political realm here. president obama walks in as a figure of authority representing an important country but not necessarily the political dinah mow that h dynn europe. >> this o should be a q&a, town hall style event in china at a university in shanghai. the president will be taking questions from chinese college stew kents. this is live and so we are just
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after 1:00 p.m. eastern time monday in shanghai as the president is about to be introduced by the u.s. ambassador to china, john huntsman. let's take a listen now to the program that is about to begin and we will be carrying it for you live right here on fox news channel. today, virtually no global challenge can be solved without the united states and china cooperating. the challenge before us is to find ways to move our engagement to a heisser strategic plane. who better to join us than the
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person who can speak at the very highest level of government on these subjects. ladies and gentlemen, i give you the 44th president of the united states, president barack obama. [ applause ] good afternoon. it is a great honor for me to be near shanghai and to have this opportunity to speak with all of you. i would like to thank the university president for his
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hospitality and his gracious welcome. i would also like to thank our outstanding ambassador john huntsman who ex-amplifies the deep ties and respect between your nations. i don't know what said but i hope it was good. [ laughter ] what i would like to do is to make some opening remarks and then what i'm really looking forward to doing is taking questions. not only from students who are in the audience but also we have received questions online which will be asked by some of the students who are here in the audience as well as by ambassador huntsman. and i am very sorry that my chinese is not as good as your english but i am looking forward to this chance to have a dialogue. this is my first time traveling to china and i'm excited to see this majestic country. here in shanghai we see the
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growth that has caught the attention of the world. the soaring skyscrapers, the bustling streets and entrepreneurial activities and just as i'm impressed by the signs of china's journey to the 21st century i'm eager to see the ancient places that speak from chinas if distant past. tomorrow and the next day i hope to have a chance to see the majesty of the forbidden city and the wonder of the great wall. truly this is a nation that encompasses both a rich history and a belief in the promise of the future. the same can be said of the relationship between our two countries. shanghai, of course, is a city that has great meaning in the history of the relationship between the united states and china. it was here, 37 years ago that the shanghai communique opened the door to a new chapter of engagement between our
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governments and among our people. however, america's ties to this city and to this country stretch back further to the earliest days of america's independence. in 1784, our founding father george, washington, commissioned the empores of china, a ship that set sails to sheas shores to pursue trade with the ching dynasty. this is a common american impulse, the desire to reach for new horizons and forge new partnerships that are mutually beneficial. over the two centuries that have followed the currents history have steered the relationship between our two countries in many directions. even in the midst of tumultuous winds our people had opportunity to forge deep dies.
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we willle never forget the hospitality shown to our pilots shot down over your soil in world war ii and cared for by chinese is civilians. inkiness resand. a different kind of connection was made nearly 40 years buy it when the frost between our countries gee been a to thaw -- began to thaw through the simple game of table tennis. for all our differences both our common humanity and shared curiosity were revealed as one american player devanes his visit to china, the people are just like us. the country is very similar to america but still very different. of course, this small opening was followed by the achievement of the shaping high communique and the eventual establishment of formal relations between the
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united states and china in 1979 and in three decades just look how far we have come. in 1979, trade between the united states and china stood at roughly $5 billion. today, it tops over $400 billion each year. the commerce effects our people's lives in so many ways. america imports from china many of the computer parts we use, the clothes we wear and we export to china machinery that helps power your industry. this trade could create even more jobs on both sides of the pacific while allowing our people to enjoy a better quality of life. as demand becomes more balanced it can lead to even broader prosperity. in 1979 the political cooperation between the united states and china was rooted largely in our shared rivalry with the soviet union. today we have a positive constructive and comprehensive relationship that opens the door to partnership on the key
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global issues of our time. economic recovery and the development of clean energy. stopping the spread of nuclear weapons and the scurge of climate change. the promotion of peace and security in asia and around the globe. all of these issues will be on the agenda tomorrow when i meet with president hu. and this 1979 the connections among our people were limited. today we see the curiosity of the ping-pong players manifested in the ties being forged across many sectors. the second highest number of foreign students in the united states come from china. and we have seen a 50% increase in the study of chinese among our own students. there are nearly 200 friendship cities drawing our communities together. american and chinese scientists cooperate on new research and
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discovery and yao ming is just one symbol of our shared love of basketball. i'm son sorry i won't be able to see a shanghai sharks game while i'm visiting. it is no coincidence that the relationship has accompanied a period of positive change. china has lifted hundreds of millions of people out of poverty. an accomplishment unparalleled in human history while playing a larger role in global event. the united states has seen our economy grow along with the standard of living enjoyed by our people while bringing the cold war to a successful conclusion. there is a chinese proverb consider the past and you shall know the future. surely we have known setbacks and challenges over the last 30 years. our relationship has not been without disagreement and difficulty. but the motion that we must be adversaries is not predestined. not when we consider the past.
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indeed, because of our cooperation both the united states and china are more prosperous and more secure. we have seen what is possible when we build upon our mutual interests and engage on the basis of mutual respect. and yet the success of that engagement depends upon understanding, on sustaining an open dialogue and learning about one another and from one another. for just as that american table tennis player pointed out, we share much in common as human beings but our countries are different in certain ways. i believe that each country must chart its own course. china is an ancient nation with a deeply rooted culture. the united states by comparison is a young nation whose culture is determined by the many different immigrants who have come to our shores and by the founding documents that guide our democracy. those documents put forward a
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simple vision of human affairs and they enshrine several core principles that all men and women are created equal and possess certain fundamental rights. government should reflect the will of the people and respond to their wishes. that commerce should be open, information freely accessible and that laws and not simply men should guarantee the administration of justice. of course, the story of our nation is not without its difficult chapters. in many ways over many years we have struggled to advance the promise of these principles to all of our people and to forge a more perfect union. we fought a very painful civil war and freed a portion of our population from slavery. it took time for women to be extended the right to vote, for workers to win the right to organize and for immigrants from different corners of the globe to be fully embraced.
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even after they were freed, african americans persevered through conditions that were separate and not equal before winning full and equal rights. none of this was easy but we made progress because of our belief in those core principles which have served as our compass through the darkest of storms. that is why lincoln could stand up in the midst of civil war and declare it a struggle to see whether any nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal could long endure. that is why dr. martin luther king could stand on the steps of the lincoln memorial and ask that our nation live out the true meaning of its creed. that is why immigrants from china to kenya could find a home on our shores, why opportunity is available to all who would work for it and why someone like me who less than 50 years ago, would have had
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super bowl voting in some parts of america is now able to serve as its president. that is why america will always speak out for the core principles around the world. we do not seek to impose any system of government on any other nation. but we also don't believe that the principles that we stand for are outage unique to our n. these freedoms of expression and worship, access to information and political participation we believe are universal rights and should be available to all people including ethnic and religion minorities, whether in the united states, china or any other nation. indeed, it is that respect for universal rights that guides openness to other countries. our respect to elders. commitment to international law and our faith in the future. these are all things that you
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should know about america. i also know that we have much to learn about china. look around at this magnificent city and looking. >> reporter: this room i do believe that your nations hold something person inon and this that s a beef in the future. while hype is an ancient nation, you are clearly looking ahead with confidence to see that tomorrow's generation can do better than today's. in addition to your growing economy, we admire china's extraordinary commitment to science and research. borne out in everything from the infrastructure you build to the technology you use. china is now the world's largest internet user which is why we were so pleased to include thette as part of today's event. this country now has the world's largest mobile home network.
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and i'm looking forward to deepening the partnership between the united states and china in this critical area tomorrow. but above all, i see china's future in you. young people whose talent and dedication and dreams will do so much to help shape the 21st century. i have said many time days believe that our world is now fundamentally intersected. the jobs we do, the prosperity we build, the environment, the security that we seek, allle of cease things are sliered give than section how we are in thest century is no longer a thumb game. the united states insists we do not seek to contain china's rice. on the on rare we become china as a prong and prosperous and
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successful eye. to return to the proverb, consider the past. we know that more is to be gained when great powers cooperate than when they collide. that is a lesson that human beings have learned time and again and that is the example of the history between our nations and i believe strongly that cooperation must go beyond our government. it must be rooted in our people, in the. young men and women just like you and your counter parts in america. that is why i'm pleased to announce that the united states will dramatically expand the number of our students who study in china to 100,000. these exchanges mark a clear commit mont to build dies among our people as surely as you will help determine the destiny of 29 1* century. i'm confident that america has
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no better ambassadors to answer. and optimism about the history that is about to be raised. let this be the next step in the pursuit of our nations and the world. if there is one thing we can take from the die youngsters log, i hope it is a commitment to continue this dialogue going forward. thank you very much. i look forward to taking questions from all of you. thank you very much. i just want to make sure that works. this is a tradition very common in the united states at these town hall meetings and bahar we are going to -- and what we going to do. if you are interested in asking a question, raise your hands and i will call on you and then i will alternate between a
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question from the audience and an internet question from one of the sty dents who prepared the questions as well as i think ambassador huntsman may have a question that we were able to obtain from the web side of our emba hi. what i toll is call on a boy and then a girl so we'll bo go back and forth so you know it is mare. i'll start with this young lady right in the front. why don't we wait for the microphone so everyone can hear you. what is your name? >> i'm a student from fulong university. chicago has been the sister city since 1985 and the two cities have a wide range of economic, cultural! changes. what measures will you take for
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the relationships between the. where you bring your family to visit the -- thank you very much for the question. i was just having lunch before i came here with the mayor of shanghai and i told me that -- and he told me that he has had an excellent relationship with the city of chicago, my hometown, that he has visited there twice and i think it is wonderful to have these exchanges between cities. one of the things that i discussed with the mayor is how both cities can learn from each other on strategies around clean energy. because one of the issues that ties china and america together is how with an expanding population and a concern for climate change that we are able to reduce our carbon footprint and obviously in the united states and many developed
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countries, her capita per have vis. they are already using much who are energy as well. both countries have a greatster in finding new strategies. we talked about mass transit and the explain veil lines being developed in hang shy. i think we can learn in chicago and not united states some of the fine work being done on high speed rail. in the united states, i think we are learning how to develop buildings that are more energy efficient. in shanghai, i saw all the buildings going up. it is important to incorporate the new technologies so that each building is energy efficient when it comes to lighting, heating and so it is a terrific opportunity i think for us to learn from each
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other. >> i know this will be a major focus of the shack high world expo is the issue of clean energy as i learned from the mayor. i would love to ahent. imi'm not sure yet what my schedule is going be but i'm pleased that we will have an excellent u.s. pavilion at the expo and i underand it that we expect as many as 70 million visitors here. it will be very crowded and very exciting. chicago has had two world expos in its history and both of the expos ended up being tremendous boosts for the city. so i'm sure the same thing will happen here in hang high. thank you. here is in shanghai. thank you. why don't we get one of the questions from the internet and introduce yourself in case --
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say it in chinese first and then in english. i want to pose a question from the internet. i want that thank you, mr. president, for visiting china in your first year in office and to exchange views with us in china. i want to know what are you bringing to china in your visit to china this time and what will you bring back to the united states?
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>> okay. well, my -- the main purpose of my trip is to deepen my understanding of china and its vision for the future. i have had several meetings now with president hu. we participated together in the g-20 summit dealing with the economic financial crisis. we have had consultations about a wide range of issues. but i think it is very important for the united states to continually deepen its understanding of china just as it is important for china to continually deepen its the understanding of the united states. in terms of what i would like to get out of this meeting, or this visit, in addition to having the wonderful opportunity to see the forbidden city and the great wall and to meet with all of you, these are all highlights. but in addition to that, the discussions that i intend to
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have with president hu speak to the point that ambassador huntsman made earlier which is there are very few global challenges that can be solved unless the united states and china agree. so let me give you a specific example. and that is the issue we were just discussing of climate change. the united states and china are the world's two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, the carbon that is causing the planet to warm. now, the united states is a highly developed country. as i said before, per capita consumes much more energy and emits much more greenhouse gases for each individual than does china. on the other hand, china is growing at a much faster pace and it has a much larger population. so, unless both of our
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countries are willing to take critical steps in dealing with this issue, we will not be able to resolve it. there is going be a copenhagen conference in december in which world leaders are trying to find a recipe so that we can all make commitments that are differentiated. obviously china which has much more poverty should not have to do exactly the same thing as the united states but all have certain obligations in our plan to reduce the greenhouse gases. that is an example of what i hope to get out of this meeting. a meeting of the minds between myself and president hu about how together the united states and china can show leadership. i will tell you other countries around the world will be
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waiting for us. they will watch to see what we do and if they say ah, the united states and china, they are not serious about this, then they won't be serious either. that is -- that is the burden of leadership that both of our countries now carry. and my hope is that the more discussion and dialogue that we have the more we are able to show this leadership to the world on these many critical issues. okay. all right. i think it must be a boy's turn now, right? so i'll call on this young man. wait, wait, wait, wait. let me get my -- >> translator: mr. president, good afternoon. i'm from the university. i want to cited a saying from
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confucius. it is also good to have a friend coming from afar. in confucius book there's is a great saying which says that harmony is good but also we uphold differences. china advocates a harmonious world. we know that the united states developed a culture that features diversity. i want to know what will your government do to build a diversified world with different cultures? what would you do to respect the different cultures and histories of other countries and what kinds of cooperation we can conduct in the future? >> well, i think this is an excellent point. the united states one of our strengths is that we are a very
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diverse culture. we have people coming from all around the world. and so there is no one definition of what an american looks like. in my own family, i have a father who was from kenya. i have a mother who was from kansas in the midwest of the united states. my sister is half indonesian. she is married to a chinese person from canada. so, when you see family gatherings in the obama household, it looks like the united nations. and that is a great strength of the united states because it means that we learn from different cultures and different foods and different ideas and that has made us a much more dynamic society. now, what is also true is that
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each country in this interconnected world has its own culture and its own history and its own traditions and i think it is very important for the united states not to assume that what is good for us is automatically good for somebody else. and we have to have some modesty about our attitudes towards other countries. i have to say that we do believe that there are certain fundamental principles that are common to all people regardless of culture. so, for example, in the united nations we are very active in trying to make sure that children all around the world
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are treated with certain basic rights if children are being exploited, if there is forced labor for children, that despite the fact that that may have taken place in the past in many different countries cruding the united states that all countries of the world now should have developed to the point where we are treating children better than we did in the past. that is a universal value. i believe, for example, the same thing holds true when it comes to the treatment of women. i had a very interesting discussion with the mayor of shanghai and he informed me in many professions now here in china there are actually more women enrolled in college than there are men and that they are doing
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very well. i think that is an excellent indicator of progress. turns out if you look at development around the world one of the best indicators of whether or not a country does well is how well it educates its girls and treats its women and countries that are tapping into the talents and the energy of women and giving them educations typically do better economically than countries that don't. so, now, obviously different cultures may have different attitudes about the relationship between men and women but i think it is the view of the united states that it is important for us to affirm the rights of women all around the world. and if we see certain societies in which women are oppressed or they are not getting opportunities or there is violence towards women, we will
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speak out. now, there may be some people who disagree with us and we can have a dialogue about that but we think it is important nevertheless to be true to our ideals and our values. and we do so, though, we will always do so with the humility and understanding that we are not perfect and that we still have much progress to make. if you talk to women in america, they will tell you that there are still men who have a lot of old fashioned ideas about -- about the role of women in society and so, you know, we don't claim that we have solved all these problems but we do think it is important for us to speak out on behalf of the universal ideals and the universal values. okay. all right. we will take a question from the internet. >> hello, mr. president.
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it is a great honor to be here and meet you in person. >> thank you. >> i'm from shanghai international studies university. i'll be reading a question selected on the internet to you. and this question is from somebody from taiwan. new hampshire hi -- in his question he said i come from taiwan now i'm doing business on another land and due to improved relations in recent years our business in china is doing quite well so when i heard the news that some people in america would like to propose continue selling arms, weapons to taiwan, i get worried. i worry that this may make our relations suffer so i would like to know if, mr. president,
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are you supportive of improved cross trade relations and although this question is from a businessman, actually it is a question of key concern to all of us young chinese students so we would really like to know your position on this question, thank you. >> thank you. well, i have been clear in the past that my administration fully supports a one china policy as reflected in the three joint communiques that date back several decades in terms of our relations with taiwan as well as our relations with the people's republic of china. we don't want to change that polilic and that approach. i am very pleased with the reduction of tensions and the
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improvement in cross straits relations and it is my deep desire and hope that we will continue to see great impr and ement between taiwan d the rest of -- and the peoplths reepblic in resolving many of these issues. one of the things that i think that the united states in terms of its foreign policy and its policy with respect to china is always seeking is ways that through dialogue and negotiations problems can be solved. we all the think that is the -- we always think that is the better course and i think that economic ties and commercial ties that are taking place in this regehr helping to lower a lot of the tensions that date
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back b asore you were born or even before i was born. now, there is some people who still look towards the past when it comes to these issues as opposed to looking toward the future. i prefer to look towards the future. and as i said, i think the commercial ties that are taking place, there is something about when people think that they can do business and make money that makes them think very clearly and not worry as much about ideology and i think that that is starting to happen in this region and we are very supportive of that process. okay? let's see, it is a girl's turn now. right? yes, right there. yes? hold on. let's get -- whoops. i'm sorry. they took the mike back here. i'll call on you next. go ahead and then i will go up here later. go ahead. no, no, please. >> thank you.
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>> i will call on her ft'st and then call on your afterwards. go ahead. >> thank you. mr. president. i'm a student from shanghai university. i have a question concerning the noble prize. in your opinion what is the main reason that you were honored with the nobel prize for peace and will it give you more responsibility and pressure to -- more pressure on the responsibility to promote the world peace and will it bring you -- will it influence our ideas while dealing with the international affairs? thank you very much. >> thank you. that was an excellent question. you know, i have to say that nobody was more surprised than
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me about winning the ny.el prize for peace. obviously, it is a great honor. i don't believe necessarily that it is an honor i deserve, g tven themucll oraordinary hiy of people who have won the prize. all i can do is to with great humility acce't the fact that i think the committee was inspt'ed by the american people and the possibilities of changing not only america but also america's approach to the world. and so in some ways i think they gave me the priob but i was more just a symbol of the shift in our approach to world affat's that we are trying to promote. in terms of the burden that i
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feel, i ammucll oraordinarily honored to be put in the position of president and as my wife always reminds me when i complain that i'm working too hard, she says you volunteered for thisys iy.. and so you -- you know, this is saying, i don't know if there is a similar saying in china, there is a saying you made your bed, now you have to e. it means you have to be careful what you ask for because you might get it. i think that all of us have obligations for trying to promote peace in the world. it is not always easy to do. there are still a lot of conflicts in the world that date back for centuries. if you look at the middlemucas, there are wars and conefict that are rooted in arguments
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going back a thousand years. let's say in the continent of t inrica, there aremucthnic and tru hard to resolve. and obviously r3 yht now as president of the united states part of my job is to serve as co saander in chi as. and my ft'st priority is to protect the american people. and bece case of the attacks on 9/11 and the terrorism that has been tays ng place around the world where innocent people are being killed, it is my obligation to make sure that we root out these terrorist organizations and that we cooperate with other countries in terms of dealing with this kind of violence. nevertheless, although i don't think that we can ever completely eliminate violeit ie between nations or between peeples, i think that we can
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definitely reduce the violeit e beer dialogue, through the exchange of ideas, tles,ough greater understanding between peoples and between cultures and particrstarly now, whenys iuste individual can detonate a bomb that causes so much destruction, it is more important than ever that we pursue these strategies for peace. technology is a powerful instrument for good. but it is also given the possu people to cause enormous damage. ane. hopeful that in my meetings with president hu and on an ongoing basis both the united states and china can work together to try to red3 pee coy tolicts that are taking
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place. we have to do so, though, also kee'ing in mind that when we use our military because we are such big and strong countries that we have to be self-reflective about what we do. that we have tomucxam our own motives and our own interests to make sure that we are not simply using our military forces because nobody can stop us. that is a burden that great countries, great powers have is to act responsibly in the co saunity of nations. and my hope is that the united states and china together can help to create an international norms that reduce conflict around the world. okay. all r3 yrd . john, i'm going to call on my
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ambassador bece case i think he has a question that was generated through the website of ourmucrioassy. this was selectee. think one of the members of our u.s. press corps so that -- >> that's r3 yrd . >> and not surprisingly in a country with 350 million internet users and 6>million bloggers do you know of the firewall and second shorstd we be able to use twitter freely is the question? th well, ft'st of all, let me say that i have never used twitter. i notice that young people, you know, they are very busy with all the electronics. my tblorios are too clumsy to type in things on the phone. but i'm a big believer in technolosue and ife a b3 y believer in openness when it comes to the flow of information.
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i think that the more freely information flows the stronger the sorisiety becomes. bece case then citmakeens of countries around the world can hold thet' oall g and ernments accountable. they can begin to think for themselves. that generates nment ideas. itmucncourages creativity. and so i have always been a strong sfulporter of open internet use. i'm a big supporter of noit inensorship. oplesrt of the tradition of the united states that i discussed before and i recat wniob that different countries have did i rent traditions. i can tell you that in the united states the fact that we have free internet or unrestricted internet access is a source of strength.
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and i think should be encourhinked. noell i shorstd tell you, i should be honest, as president of the united states there are times where i wish information didn't flow so freely because then i odd haven't to listen to people criticizing me all the time. i think people naturally are when they are in positions of power sometimes think oh, how corstd that person say that about me or that is irponcible or but the truth is that because not united states information is free and i have a lot of critics in the united states who can say all kinds of things about me, i actually think that that makes our demoe woacy stronger and makese a better leader because it fofles knee hear opinions that i don't want to hear.
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forces me to examine what i'm doing on a day to day basis to see am i really doing the very best that i could be doing for the people of the united states. and i think the internet has become anmucven more powerful tool for that kind of citizen participation. in fact, one of the reasons that i won the presidency was because we were able to momorliob young peoplespike yourself to get involved in the internet. initially ny.n my thothat ird e corstd win because we don't hae necessarily the most wealthy suelvorters. we didn't have the most powerful political brokers but throthat ih the internet people becamemucxcited about our campaign and started to orcrniob and meet and set up campaign activities and events and rallies and really ended up e woeating the kind of bottom p movement that allowed us to do very well. noell that is notys iust true
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in -- for government and politics. it is also tctie for business. think about a company like google that only 20 years ago wasspess than owed years ago ws the idea of a couple of people not much older than you. because of the internet they have been able to create an industry that revolutionized commerce all over the world. if f. it had not been for the freedom and openness that the internet allows, gooof oue worstdn'tionist. i'm a big supporter of not restricting internet use, inte>> et aiscess, other info of tation technologies lie twitter. the more open we are the more we can communicate and also helps to draw the world together.
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when i think about my de caghts mallia and sasha, one is 11 and one is 8. from thet' room they can get on the internet and they can travel to shanghai. they can go aeatplace in the world and they can learn about anything they want tospea>> t is out. and that is just an enormous power that they have and that hest.s i think promote the kind of understanding that we talked t is out. as i said b asor th there is always a down side to technology. it allieo means that terrorists are able to organize on the internet in ways that they were not able to do b asore. extremists can mobilize and so there is some price that you oplesy for opeand soess, thereo denying that. but i think that the good ouer it is bore maintain that openness and that is part of why iain so glad that the internet was of this forum, okay.
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i'm requesting to take two more questions and the next one is from a gentleman, i think, right? here is the microphone. >> it is a great honor for me to stand here to ask you the question. i think i'm so lucky and just apprecsomte that your speech is so clear that i really do not need such kind of headset. and here comes the q fostion. i -- m i'm from the university wachool of manhinkndeent and i worstdspmucve to ask you the question is that now that someone has to ahis you something about the nobel peace prize but i will not ask you in
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the same aspect. i want to ask you in the other aspect that seems it is hard for you to get s3 peh ys nd of honorable price and -- prize and how you strugof oue to gett and what is your you knoell university college education that brings you to get s3 peh ys nd of priob -- such kind of prizes and we are very curious t is out it and we wouldspmucvo invite you to share with us your campus education se,periences so as to go on the road of success. >> well, first of all, let me tell you that i don't know if there is a curriculum or course of study that leads you to win the ny.el peace priob.
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so i can't guarantee that. but i think the recreale for suiscess is the one that you ae already following -- obviously all of you are worys ngms ery haspm, you are stu ofingms ery hard. you are curious. you are willing to think about new ideas and think for yourself. you knoell the people who i met now that i find most inspiring who are successful i think are people who are not only willing to work very hard but are constantly trying to improve thndeselves and to think in nm ways. and not just accept the conventional wisdom. you knoell obviously there are many different paths to suiscess. and some of you are going to be going into government service, waome of you m3 yrd want to be teachers or professors, some of
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you might want to be business people. but i think that whatever field you go into if you are constantly trying to improve and never satisfied with not having done your best and constantly ahising the questions, are are things that i could be doing differently, are there nment aelvroaches to problems that nobody has thought of before. whether it is in searence or technology or in the arts. those are usually the people who i think are able to rise above the rest. the one last piece of advice, though, that i would have that has been useful for me is the people who i admd and are mt ont s3 pecessfustate they are not just thinking only about themselves but they are also thinking about something larger than themselves. so they want to make a contribution to socieves.. they want to make a contribution to thed